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Extension > Yard and Garden News > Temperature Control in a Bumble Bee Nest

Thursday, September 29, 2016

Temperature Control in a Bumble Bee Nest

Karl Foord - Extension Educator, Horticulture

The previous post linked to a video showing a new born bumble bee. The following video is of the same nest but involves a different observation.

To view and photograph the nest I had to pull away the straw covering the nest. This exposed the nest to the direct sun and evidently increased the temperature of the nest beyond the acceptable range of the worker bees. In this video a worker bumble bee uses her wings to fan and cool the nest. The wings are moving so fast that they practically disappear, a little like airplane propellers.

To give a sense of perspective, the engine on a propeller driven airplane rotates some 43 times in one second. I timed the wing speed of bumble bees in one of my videos to 172 beats per second. No wonder the wings are impossible to see when filmed at regular speed. In the second half of the video I have slowed the speed of the action by a factor of 4 and it is still difficult to see the wings moving. You can see the wings just when they begin to move and when they stop moving. Enjoy the blur as another one of the fascinating things one can find in the garden.

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