Mary H. Meyer, extension horticulturist and professor, University of Minnesota
References and Further Reading:
Beckerman, J., J. Chatfield, and E. Draper. 2009. A 33-year Evaluation of Resistance and Pathogenicity in the Apple Scab-crabapples Pathosystem. HortSci. 44(3):599-608.
Chatfield, J. A. E. A. Draper, and B. Cubberley. 2010. Why Plant Evaluations Matter. American Nurseryman 210(9):10-15.
Draper, E. K., J. A. Chatfield, and K. D. Cochran. 2005. Marvelous Malus--Ten Crabapples Worthy to Know, Show, and Grow. Brooklyn Botanic Garden. Accessed October 6, 2014.
Green, T. L. 1995. Results of the national crabapple evaluation program. Accessed online October 3, 2014.
Green, T.L. 1996. Crabapples--When you're choosing one of those apple cousins, make flowers your last consideration. Amer. Horticult. 75:18-23.
Guthery, D.E. and E.R. Hasselkus. 1992. Jewels of the landscape. Amer. Nurseryman 175(1):28-41.
Iles, J. 2009. Crabapples..... With No Apologies. Arnoldia. Accessed online October 10, 2014.
Koetter, R. and M. Grabowski. 2014. Managing apple scab on ornamental trees and shrubs. Accessed online October 10, 2014.
Romer, J., J. Iles, and C. Haynes. 2003. Selection Preferences for Crabapple Cultivars and Species. HortTechnology 13:522-526.
Schmidt, J. Frank and Sons. 2014. Crabapple Information Chart. Accessed online October 8, 2014.